German government sticks to its president in venezuela

federal government holds on to its president in venezuela

In the parliamentary elections in venezuela on 6. December 2020.Image: minci.

Hardliners around self-proclaimed interim president guaido weakened after election of new parliament. Historically low turnout. Clear cracks in the eu

The parliamentary elections in venezuela, from which the ruling socialists emerged with a clear victory on sunday according to the official results, have had bizarre consequences not only in the country. With the national assembly, the pro-us and pro-intervention opposition finally loses its last and only institutional bastion. Self-proclaimed interim president juan guaido, after losing parliament – he boycotted the elections – now finds himself without legitimacy for his already impotent counter-government.

At the same time, individual member states of the eu, above all the german government, are trimming guaido – and in doing so are not only breaking current international law. They are also openly positioning themselves against u.S. President-elect joe biden, who, in contrast to the current u.S. Administration, is backing a diplomatic solution to the venezuelan conflict. Brussels and the spd-led german aubenamt side by side with donald trump? The venezuelan crisis is bleeding strangely on both sides of the atlantic these days.

President nicolas maduro, however, considered the 67.6 percent result for his united socialist party (psuv) and the partner groups gathered in the alliance of rough patriotic poles a political victory. "We can win and lose, but today we have won", he said on monday on the state television channel vtv. Now a new phase begins "of work, reconstruction of the country and the economy – in sovereignty, independence and peace".

This demonstratively self-confident assessment cannot, however, disguise the fact that with this election, not only the opposition around guaido, which has always been of little relevance, has lost further significance. For the government camp, too, a turnout of only 31 percent is a bitter blow; in 2015, more than 74 percent of the 20 million eligible voters took part in the vote. But this does not mean a political victory for the radical opposition: when they called for a boycott of the elections in 2005, only 25 percent of eligible voters cast their ballots – significantly fewer than this sunday.

Either way, one lesson of this election is that parliamentary democracy is being pulverized in the struggle for venezuela, which has long taken on the character of a proxy war.

Guaido without any legitimacy as "interim president"

Guaido spoke again of manipulation, without citing any evidence. "The rejection of the regime and the electoral fraud unites us", he wrote on twitter: "now we have to react on the street." for the 12. In december, he called for demonstrations against the maduro government. However, the last calls for protests had been followed by fewer and fewer opposition members. In addition, fellow candidates had broken away from guaido, whose actions since his self-proclamation nearly two years ago have been marked by scandal and failure.

There had now been an open dispute in the opposition camp over whether to participate in the elections. Former 2012 and 2013 presidential candidate henrique capriles had initially positioned himself against guaido’s call for a boycott. Apparently under prere from abroad capriles finally refrained from participation. However, close associates of guaido subsequently broke away, most recently his "ambassador" in great britain, vanessa neumann.

The reason for the political erosion in the camp of the opposition hardliners – who are not afraid of attempted presidential assassinations, coups and interventions – is the now completely lost legitimacy of the self-appointed interim president.

When guaido announced himself on 23. In the event that leonardo da vinci proclaimed himself head of state on january 1, 2019, without consultation with other opposition parties and apparently with the knowledge of the u.S. Government, he forfeited his right to his position as president of the opposition national assembly and a claimed "permanent absence" of the president. He is not politically present, so to speak, because the opposition does not recognize his election. As bent out of shape as all of this was, his own powerless extension of his term as parliamentary president earlier this year was equally questionable.

The fact that juan guaido now wants to continue to be a king without a throne and without a parliament makes the absurdity of his counter-government perfect.

What venezuela has to do with romania

Accordingly, the expressions of support for guaido from abroad, where he has many more fans than at home, have been stiff-necked. The "illegitimate maduro regime in venezuela" have "a political farce" organized, outgoing u.S. Secretary of state mike pompeo loved to explain: "the united states and many other democracies around the world condemn this farce, which lacks any minimum credibility."

Also the european union did not recognize the result. "The lack of respect for political pluralism and the exclusion and persecution of opposition leaders do not allow the eu to recognize this election as credible, inclusive and transparent, and its outcome as representative of the will of the venezuelan people", it hammered from brussel.

The lima group, an association of mostly right-wing latin american governments and canada, pointed out that the conditions for free and fair elections had not been met in the first place.

On the other hand, countries such as nicaragua and cuba congratulated the government camp on its electoral victory. In addition, some 200 international election observers from more than 30 countries were in venezuela to monitor the voting process.

The spanish left-wing party izquierda unida called on the eu to, "the path of dialogue, negotiation and peace to resolve political conflicts" to the development of a new. She refused "the policy of sanctions and economic blockades practiced by the united states, which is unjust and contrary to international law, since it is adopted without the approval of the un".

While eu coordinator josep borrell pointed to the low voter turnout in venezuela as a reason for the non-recognition, german left party member of parliament andrej hunko noted that voter turnout in venezuela was 31 percent, despite a boycott by parts of the opposition and "(in the concurrent parliamentary elections in) romania (at) 31.8 percent without a boycott". In venezuela, this is an argument for not recognizing the elections, said hunko, who gave his tweet the hashtag "#double standard" requested.

Germany increasingly isolated in eu with venezuela line

In fact, the auswartige amt and union politicians are on dark ice with their venezuela course. For example, when union politician jurgen hardt speaks of the support for the "for the falsely elected interim president juan guaido" wrote. Or when the minister of state in the foreign office, miguel berger, announced after the election, the "interim president juan guaido promised our continued support" to have.

Such statements were apparently made not only in ignorance of the legal situation in venezuela. Hardt and berger disregard that the scientific service of the bundestag already in february 2019 called the recognition of guaido by the german government and other mostly western states as illegal under international law.

This means that the german government and its parties are not only on donald trump’s side with this venezuela policy. They act above all also as a coalition of the people-legal discord.

This realization is also gaining ground in the european union. The left party’s politician heike hansel referred in a tweet to the displeasure of belgium, spain, italy and france about the adherence to guaido, "because the legal basis is completely lacking".

A representative of the european external action service (eeas), however, confirmed that there has been no consensus among eu member states in recent consultations. The majority of eu member states did not want to commit themselves to a specific course of action, it was said in brussels. She said the eeas would discuss the way forward with several actors, including russia and china.

Such declarations give the impression that not only juan guaido stands alone in venezuela, but also the german minister of foreign affairs, heiko maas, and the head of his latin america department, marian schuegraf.